This chapter is open for public to get an idea about the content and set up of the e-module: Orthopedics MR-MRS / MSK Imaging. The different chapters in the e-module will be: 1. Weightbearing- Standing up-Positional or axial loaded MRI, 2. Kinematic and arthrograms, 3. Additional RF sequences – supporting techniques and IQ (parameters) in MSK, 4. DWI, DTI and DCE in MSK, 5. T1 and T2 mapping and quantification in MSK, 6. Fat and tissue suppression techniques, 7 MRS in MSK, 8. Miscrosocpic imaging and at the end of course a Conclusion, Review and Future items.
A new course on Orthopedic/Musculoskeletal MRI. Learn how to examine bones, joints and soft tissues such as cartilage, tendons, and muscles for the presence of structural damage, defects, infection, etc. Keep an eye on our website for updates.
There is still a lot to explore in the field of MR-MSK in all the items being discussed in all the different chapters: the conventional techniques still have some limitations in early detection of cartilage changes, bone and soft tissue as in arthritis and other muscle- and arthro-pathies.
Weightbearing / Standing Up / Positional MRI or Axial Loaded MRI has been strong in the low field MR systems. But is it becoming also an issue in the higher MR field systems? Is it getting a MUST doing stress-loading for several indications for the spine and the joints? Developments are continuing!
¹H, ¹³C, ³¹P and ²³Na MR Spectrosocpy combined with MRI is still relatively recent but promising in the field of cancer, sports medicine, joint replacement etc. and hopefully will get a feasible clinical diagnostic tool with help of more research.
Kinematic devices for more joints should be developped and it is a field which can be extended preferable with MSK radiologists, orthopedic surgeon and physical therapist/bio-mechanist. Can we soon do kinematic dynamic / real-time imaging? And direct and indirect MR arthrograms will it be combined with kinematic Imaging?
Microscopic Imaging and High Resolution MRI in bone, cartilage, ligaments, tendons and muscles is getting an interesting field with help of new hardware RF coils and the new UTE RF sequence which makes tunvisible tissues visible in MRI
The fat Suppression Techniques explained and MR images included as tips and hints. But will the DIXON method just be used in the future? Other tissue suppression techniques should not be forgotten like MTC and should be understand.
Quantification, T1 and T2 mapping, where everybody is talking about in MRI, is incredible fast implemented in the software releases and a great help in the reporting and diagnosis. Although automated a lot we still need to master and understand the basics and the post-processing tools.
DWI, DTI and DCE was a long time mainly in the field of Neuro MR but thanks of the new techniques like Compressed Sensing, Hyper Band (SMS) we can get to an acceptable acquisition time and an higher resolution.
Still a lot of work needs to be done in fine-tuning protocols for MSK: the Synthetic Imaging protocols and the UTE RF sequences and IQ stays a big issue so the basics, implementation of the RF sequences and the new k-space trajectories should be understand.